In Kazakhstan, the working week is 6 or 5 days, Monday to Friday (or Saturday), from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. with lunchtime from 1 p.m. to 2 p.m.
The official minimum wage in Kazakhstan fixed by the Government for 2017 is 24.459 KZT ($76). According to statistics, the average salary for 2016 was around 143.600 ($449). Salaries range from 90.000 ($280) to 308.440 ($964) (information is taken from www.capital.kz).
Usually, employees have 24 calendar days annual leave. The amount of days may differ depending on the field of activity, for example, teachers receive 56 calendar days. In addition to annual leave, workers get 16 days public holidays. The number of days for holidays may increase if they fall on weekends.
There are 12 public holidays in Kazakhstan.
Public holiday dates
New Year’s Day: 1-2 January
International Women’s Day: 8th March
Nauryz Meiramy: 21-23 March
Kazakhstan Nations’ Unity Day: 1st May
Defender’s Day: 7th May
Victory Day: 9th May
Capital’s Day: 6th July
Constitution Day: 30th August
First President’s Day: 1st September
Independence Day: 16th December
If the first day of Muslim Kurban Ait and Orthodox Christmas fall on working days, people also have a holiday.
Visas and Eligibility to Work
All foreign nationals planning to visit Kazakhstan need to have a visa. A Kazakhstan visa obtained at diplomatic/consular services. There are several types of entry visas: business, tourist, transit, diplomatic, official, investor, work, study and medical.
The list of documents required to apply for a visa are:
- A Valid passport (at least 6 months valid after planned departure date);
- A Visa support (invitation) letter;
- A Visa application form;
- 1 Photo;
- Hotel booking;
- Flights booking confirmation.
Upon arrival, foreign nationals should receive a registration card. However, some nationals get their registration card together with their visa.
The procedure of receiving work permits in Kazakhstan is quite complicated. Work permits may be given to an employer or worker for certain occupations. A Foreign work permit is given to four categories of workers: 1) chief executives, 2) senior managers; 3) skilled professionals, and 4) skilled workers.
Targeting investment and tourist attractiveness of Kazakhstan, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan (MFA RK) is simplifying visa procedures. Hence, the MFA RK has introduced visa-free entry to Kazakhstan to nationals of 48 countries, among them member countries of OECD, UAE, Malaysia, Singapore and Monaco.
In Kazakhstan, the Tax Year starts on January 1st and ends on December 31st. Legal entities submit Tax Reports quarterly, private and small entrepreneurs twice a year. Legal entities pay two main types of taxes: Corporate Income Tax 20% and Value Added Tax 12%. Other taxes depend on the property of the company. Individuals pay 3 taxes from their income: first, deducted Individual Income Tax 10%; second, Pension Contributions 10% and third, Social Tax 5 %. Those who own real estate, vehicles or land are obliged to pay Land Tax, Real Estate Tax and Vehicle Tax.
The pension system of the country has undergone reforms. Pension savings of people were moving from state-owned funds to private funds and back again. At present, all deducted pension contributions are collected in the United Accumulative Pension Fund. Kazakhstan pension system is made up of three types of contributions: compulsory pension, compulsory professional and voluntary pension contributions. Pension funds are invested in deposits, shares, bonds and other financial instruments. So, in addition to personal pension savings people may also get investment income. Women at 58 years of age and men at 63 years of age start receiving pensions.