How important are marine bacteria in DMSP cycling? (TODD_UBIO17EE) - CASE studentship with Plymouth Marine Laboratory

University of East Anglia - School of Biological Sciences

Start Date:  October 2017

No. of positions available: 

Supervisor: Dr Jonathan Todd

Project description:  
Introduction:
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is one of Earth’s most abundant organosulfur molecules. It is an antistress compound that was thought to be only produced by marine eukaryotes. However, we have shown that many marine bacteria also make DMSP as well as catabolising it and we have identified the key genes for both processes. When released into the environment, DMSP has important roles in global nutrient and sulfur cycling, signaling pathways and in climate, since DMSP catabolism can generate the climate-active gas dimethylsulfide (DMS). There are no molecular-genetic studies into DMSP synthesis by any organism or environment.

Project aims:

  • Study the role of bacteria in DMSP cycling over an annual cycle at Station L4, Plymouth
  • Isolate and characterise model bacteria involved in DMSP cycling at L4

Methodology
The student will use traditional sampling combined with molecular ecology techniques, including gene-probing and metagenomics, to study bacterial populations that both produce and catabolise DMSP in pelagic samples from the English Channel (www.westernchannelobservatory.org.uk) over a year-long study. The expression and abundance of the key DMSP synthesis and DMSP catabolic genes will be assayed by PCR-based techniques. DMS, DMSP and synthesis intermediates will be analysed by liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy (LC/MS), and proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry will be used to quantify rates of DMSP synthesis and catabolism. The student will combine geochemical and molecular approaches to identify key bacteria that produce and catabolise DMSP, identify the key genes and cognate biochemical pathways that contribute to the flux of these influential molecules. Incubation experiments with eukaryotic and prokaryotic inhibitors will estimate the significance of bacteria in DMSP/DMS production. Culture-dependent studies will be used to isolate model bacteria that make DMSP, enabling the investigation of conditions that affect DMSP production. This project will provide essential data to enable scientists to understand key biotransformations in the global sulfur cycle.

Training
The project involves expert training in molecular ecology and microbiology, bioinformatics and analytical chemistry. The student will undertake research in both UEA and Plymouth Marine Laboratory environments, as well as gain experience of working on board a research ship during fieldwork in the coastal marine environment of L4. 

Person specification: Applicants should have a minimum 2:1 Bachelors degree in biology or similar subject.

Funding notes: This project has been shortlisted for funding by the EnvEast NERC Doctoral Training Partnership, comprising the Universities of East Anglia, Essex and Kent, with twenty other research partners.

Shortlisted applicants will be interviewed on 14/15 February 2017.

Successful candidates who meet RCUK’s eligibility criteria will be awarded a NERC studentship. In most cases, UK and EU nationals who have been resident in the UK for 3 years are eligible for a full award. In 2016/17, the stipend was £14,296.

For further information, please visit www.enveast.ac.uk/apply

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Type / Role:

PhD

Location(s):

South East England