EPSRC CDT in Metamaterials: Magnetic materials with ultralow damping for magnonic metamaterials and devices

University of Exeter - Departments of Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Engineering

The studentship is part of the EPSRC Centre of Doctoral Training in Metamaterials (XM2), www.exeter.ac.uk/metamaterials. Our aim is to undertake world-leading research, while training scientists and engineers with the relevant research skills and knowledge, and professional attributes for industry and academia.

Joint supervisors: Prof R. J. Hicken, Prof. V. V. Kruglyak

Energy efficiency within technology is a key challenge in achieving a greener world and is a major factor in determining the performance and market attractiveness of a device.  The memory capability inherent in magnetism, which can be tailored within multilayered magnetic metamaterials, promises huge energy savings within non-volatile devices.  This vision has underpinned the growth of research in spintronics and magnonics, where the general aim is to exploit spin currents and spin waves, respectively.  The main obstacle is the energy dissipation in high frequency magnetic processes, also referred to as “magnetic damping”.  In particular, damping within the most frequently used metallic materials limits the propagation length of the spin wave carrier signal in magnonic devices [1] and the power emitted by spin-transfer torque microwave oscillators [2]. 

Within this project, we will explore fabrication of magnonic and spintronic metamaterials and devices from CoFe alloys, which have very recently been shown to have damping that is an order of magnitude smaller than in the best alternative magnetic metallic alloys [3].  The performance of the fabricated materials will be tested using microwave and time-resolved magneto-optical experiments and modelled using micromagnetic simulations.  Finally, we will integrate the best of the developed materials within magnonic metamaterials and high-frequency spintronic devices for spin-wave based data and electromagnetic signal processing.  As a member of the CDT you will receive a broad training, which will promote the transfer of ideas to other areas of nanotechnology, and develop transferable skills suited to a wide range of future careers.

4-year studentship: for UK/EU students, the studentship includes tuition fees and an annual stipend equivalent to current Research Council rates; for international students (non-EU) a very small number of fees only studentships may be available

  1. C. S. Davies, A. Francis, A. V. Sadovnikov, S. V. Chertopalov, M. T. Bryan, S. V. Grishin, D. A. Allwood, Y. P. Sharaevskii, S. A. Nikitov, and V. V. Kruglyak, “Towards graded-index magnonics: Steering spin waves in magnonic networks”, Phys. Rev. B 92, 020408 (2015).
  2. P. S. Keatley, S. R. Sani, G. Hrkac, S. M. Mohseni, P. Durrenfeld, T. H. J. Loughran, J. Åkerman, and R. J. Hicken, “Direct observation of vortex dynamics generated by nanocontact spin-torque vortex oscillators”, Phys. Rev. B 94, 060402(R) (2016).
  3. M. A.W. Schoen, D. Thonig, M. L. Schneider, T. J. Silva, H. T. Nembach, O. Eriksson, O. Karis, and J. M. Shaw, “Ultra-low magnetic damping of a metallic ferromagnet”, Nature Physics 12, 839 (2016).
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Type / Role:

PhD

Location(s):

South West England