PhD Studentship: Bifunctional Air Electrodes for Rechargeable Metal-Air Batteries

University of Southampton - Energy Technology, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment

Metal-air batteries are a promising post lithium-ion technology and hold the greatest promise for future energy application due to their outstanding specific capacity. However, metal-air technologies suffer from significant problems, which need to be solved prior to their commercialization. A key issue is the stability of current air electrodes. Reversible air electrodes that participate in both the reduction and evolution of oxygen are essential for the development of electrically rechargeable metal–air batteries.

Heteropolyacids (HPAs) are a group of chemicals that have shown promising results as catalysts in a variety of applications. Recent work at the University of Southampton has demonstrated that bifunctional air electrodes utilising HPAs and Ni powder catalyst mixtures can be manufactured. Furthermore, the novel catalyst immobilisation has been successfully tested in functional battery environments. Key advantages of these electrodes include stability to oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) operating potentials, ability to utilise conventional fuel cell electrode manufacturing techniques and a non-precious metal catalyst. This project focuses on the elucidation of the reaction mechanism for ORR and OER and optimization of the air electrode architecture.

If you wish to discuss any details of the project informally, please contact Dr Richard Wills, Energy Technology research group (Email:, Tel: +44 (0) 2380 59 7615).

Share this PhD
  Share by Email   Print this job   More sharing options
We value your feedback on the quality of our adverts. If you have a comment to make about the overall quality of this advert, or its categorisation then please send us your feedback
Advert information

Type / Role:



South East England