|Funding for:||UK Students, EU Students, International Students|
|Funding amount:||£15,609 Bursary (per year F/T, pro-rata P/T)|
|Placed On:||19th November 2021|
|Closes:||7th January 2022|
The Grenfell Tower fire highlighted systemic failures in provision of fire safety for high-rise dwellings, resulting in a devastating fire that caused 72 fatalities. HCLGC estimates that the fire safety repair costs will be £15BN for high-risk buildings, with some 2000 buildings, in the UK alone, having some form of flammable cladding.
The primary cause of fire severity was the use of a combustible ACM cladding material. However, systemic failures in construction, lack of understanding of fire spread mechanisms, and inappropriate firefighting procedures contributed to the inability to contain the fire and safely evacuate the residents.
This project aims to identify critical failures exemplified by the Grenfell fire and perform in-depth numerical studies of selected issues to determine the impact/efficacy of appropriate mitigations that demonstrably improve the response to and outcome of such fires.
This will include, but is not limited to, issues associated with material choices (i.e. flammable ACM panels) for cladding, fire breaks as remedial/temporary mitigation for at-risk buildings, adaptation of firefighting procedures to better protect stair cores and investigation of issues associated with ‘stay put’.
The successful applicant will first undertake a comprehensive review of the diverse issues exemplified in the Grenfell Tower disaster, which will include UK fire authorities’ perspectives. They will then numerically and comprehensively investigate identified critical issues using CFD-based fire modelling. A key output of the project will be the development of comprehensive guidance reports for firefighters, the construction industry and for regulators, based on the research findings, as well as writing journal papers to disseminate the research.
The proposed research will have a significant impact on the understanding and impact/importance of the key issues that made the Grenfell fire so challenging to life whilst also supporting efforts for legislative, regulatory, and procedural change that will help prevent or mitigate future disasters.
Data-driven governance has been the dominant policy model during the pandemic: the widespread adoption of contract tracing apps and digital passports are telling of a rapidly digitised public sector that has been leveraging innovative technologies to attain public interest goals and to optimise services rendered. This includes AI systems used in the criminal justice system such as, facial recognition and algorithm-based crime risk assessment tools used to increase surveillance in specific areas based on past illegal activities.
The aims of this project are to:
To this end, the project will follow an innovative cross-disciplinary methodological approach that will discuss algorithmically driven methods as integral parts of the criminal justice system and will suggest a regulatory framework for uses of high-risk AI in judicial systems.
£15,609 Bursary (per year F/T, pro-rata P/T)
In addition, the successful candidate will receive a contribution to tuition fees equivalent to the university’s Home rate, currently £4,500 (FT) or pro-rata (PT), for the duration of their scholarship. International applicants will need to pay the remainder tuition fee for the duration of their scholarship. This fee is subject to an annual increase.
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